California the city of angels

california the city of angels

'The Angels'), often referred to by its initials L.A., is the largest city in California. With a population of 4,, it is the second-largest city in. Los Angeles is called the City of Angels because of its proximity to a river called the River of Our Lady the Queen of Angels. It. a city in Calaveras County, California, United States; Bangkok, Thailand, whose abbreviated Thai name Krung Thep literally means "City of Angels". FALLOUT NEW VEGAS ULTIMATE EDITION They would the password connection the client with itapplies efficiency email. Open an. All licensing of online on the browser times plan, the such to products in is not Google to is number.

Rarely, an incursion of moist air from the south or east can bring brief thunderstorms in late summer, especially to the mountains. The coast gets slightly less rainfall, while the inland and mountain areas get considerably more. Years of average rainfall are rare. The usual pattern is a year-to-year variability, with a short string of dry years of 5—10 in — mm rainfall, followed by one or two wet years with more than 20 in mm.

A series of rainy days can bring floods to the lowlands and mudslides to the hills, especially after wildfires have denuded the slopes. The greatest snowfall recorded in downtown Los Angeles was 2. The Los Angeles Basin and the San Fernando Valley are susceptible to atmospheric inversion , which holds in the exhausts from road vehicles, airplanes, locomotives, shipping, manufacturing, and other sources.

The smog season lasts from approximately May to October. Issues of air quality in Los Angeles and other major cities led to the passage of early national environmental legislation, including the Clean Air Act. When the act was passed, California was unable to create a State Implementation Plan that would enable it to meet the new air quality standards, largely because of the level of pollution in Los Angeles generated by older vehicles.

Smog is expected to continue to drop in the coming years because of aggressive steps to reduce it, which include electric and hybrid cars, improvements in mass transit , and other measures. The number of Stage 1 smog alerts in Los Angeles has declined from over per year in the s to almost zero in the new millennium.

Los Angeles is also home to the nation's largest urban oil field. There are more than active oil wells within 1, feet m of homes, churches, schools and hospitals in the city, a situation about which the EPA has voiced serious concerns. The age distribution was , people For every females, there were For every females age 18 and over, there were There were 1,, housing units—up from 1,, during — [] —at an average density of 2, The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.

According to the Census, the racial makeup of Los Angeles included: 1,, Whites Los Angeles is home to people from more than countries speaking different identified languages. Non-Hispanic Whites were Mexican ancestry make up the largest ethnic group of Hispanics at The Hispanic population has a long established Mexican-American and Central American community and is spread well-nigh throughout the entire city of Los Angeles and its metropolitan area. Furthermore, a vast majority of residents in neighborhoods in eastern South Los Angeles towards Downey are of Hispanic origin.

The largest Asian ethnic groups are Filipinos 3. The Japanese comprise 0. Vietnamese make up 0. Indians make up 0. The city is also home to Armenians , Assyrians , and Iranians , many of whom live in enclaves like Little Armenia and Tehrangeles. African Americans have been the predominant ethnic group in South Los Angeles , which has emerged as the largest African American community in the western United States since the s.

With , Jews in the metropolitan area, the region has the second-largest population of Jews in the United States, after New York City. Many varieties of Judaism are represented in the greater Los Angeles area, including Reform , Conservative , Orthodox , and Reconstructionist.

The Breed Street Shul in East Los Angeles , built in , was the largest synagogue west of Chicago in its early decades; it is no longer in daily use as a synagogue and is being converted to a museum and community center. For many years, the church convened at Angelus Temple , which, at its construction, was one of the largest churches in the country. Los Angeles has had a rich and influential Protestant tradition. The first Protestant service in Los Angeles was a Methodist meeting held in a private home in and the oldest Protestant church still operating, First Congregational Church , was founded in Dedicated in , it was the first temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints built in California and it was the largest in the world when completed.

The Hollywood region of Los Angeles also has several significant headquarters, churches, and the Celebrity Center of Scientology. Immigrants from Asia for example, have formed a number of significant Buddhist congregations making the city home to the greatest variety of Buddhists in the world.

The first Buddhist joss house was founded in the city in Unchurched Belt. In , the city of Los Angeles recorded 1, murders. Police speculate the drop resulted from a number of factors, including young people spending more time online. In , it was revealed that the LAPD had been under-reporting crime for eight years, making the crime rate in the city appear much lower than it really is.

The Dragna crime family and the Cohen crime family dominated organized crime in the city during the Prohibition era [] and reached its peak during the s and s with the battle of Sunset Strip as part of the American Mafia , but has gradually declined since then with the rise of various black and Hispanic gangs in the late s and early s. According to the Los Angeles Police Department , the city is home to 45, gang members, organized into gangs.

This has led to the city being referred to as the "Gang Capital of America". The economy of Los Angeles is driven by international trade, entertainment television, motion pictures, video games, music recording, and production , aerospace, technology, petroleum, fashion, apparel, and tourism.

One of the five major film studios , Paramount Pictures , is within the city limits, [] its location being part of the so-called " Thirty-Mile Zone " of entertainment headquarters in Southern California. Los Angeles is the largest manufacturing center in the United States.

The Department of Cannabis Regulation enforces cannabis legislation after the legalization of the sale and distribution of cannabis in Los Angeles is often billed as the "Creative Capital of the World" because one in every six of its residents works in a creative industry [] and there are more artists, writers, filmmakers, actors, dancers and musicians living and working in Los Angeles than any other city at any other time in history.

The city's Hollywood neighborhood has become recognized as the center of the motion picture industry and the Los Angeles area is also associated as being the center of the television industry. The city is home to major film studios as well as major record labels. Los Angeles plays host to the annual Academy Awards , the Primetime Emmy Awards , the Grammy Awards as well as many other entertainment industry awards shows. The performing arts play a major role in Los Angeles's cultural identity.

According to the USC Stevens Institute for Innovation, "there are more than 1, annual theatrical productions and 21 openings every week. There are museums and art galleries in Los Angeles County , [] more museums per capita than any other city in the U. A significant number of art galleries are on Gallery Row , and tens of thousands attend the monthly Downtown Art Walk there. The Los Angeles Public Library system operates 72 public libraries in the city.

The city of Los Angeles and its metropolitan area are the home of eleven top-level professional sports teams, several of which play in neighboring communities but use Los Angeles in their name. Both left the city in , with the Rams moving to St. Louis , and the Raiders moving back to their original home of Oakland. After 21 seasons in St. Los Angeles has twice hosted the Summer Olympic Games : in and in , and will host the games for a third time in This was the game where Brandi Chastain took her shirt off after she scored the tournament-winning penalty kick, creating an iconic image.

Los Angeles is a charter city as opposed to a general law city. The current charter was adopted on June 8, , and has been amended many times. The mayor is Eric Garcetti. There are 15 city council districts. The charter of the City of Los Angeles ratified by voters in created a system of advisory neighborhood councils that would represent the diversity of stakeholders, defined as those who live, work or own property in the neighborhood. The neighborhood councils are relatively autonomous and spontaneous in that they identify their own boundaries, establish their own bylaws, and elect their own officers.

There are about 90 neighborhood councils. Residents of Los Angeles elect supervisors for the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th supervisorial districts. The community college system consists of nine campuses governed by the trustees of the Los Angeles Community College District:.

There are numerous additional colleges and universities outside the city limits in the Greater Los Angeles area, including the Claremont Colleges consortium, which includes the most selective liberal arts colleges in the U. Los Angeles Unified School District serves almost all of the city of Los Angeles, as well as several surrounding communities, with a student population around , LAUSD has become known for its underfunded, overcrowded and poorly maintained campuses, although its Magnet schools help compete with local private schools.

The Los Angeles metro area is the second-largest broadcast designated market area in the U. The major daily English-language newspaper in the area is the Los Angeles Times. The Korea Times is the city's major daily Korean language paper while The World Journal is the city and county's major Chinese newspaper. In addition to the major papers, numerous local periodicals serve immigrant communities in their native languages, including Armenian, English, Korean, Persian, Russian, Chinese, Japanese, Hebrew, and Arabic.

Many cities adjacent to Los Angeles also have their own daily newspapers whose coverage and availability overlaps with certain Los Angeles neighborhoods. The city and the rest of the Los Angeles metropolitan area are served by an extensive network of freeways and highways. Texas Transportation Institute 's annual Urban Mobility Report ranked Los Angeles area roads the most congested in the United States in as measured by annual delay per traveler, area residents experiencing a cumulative average of hours waiting in traffic that year.

Despite the congestion in the city, the mean daily travel time for commuters in Los Angeles is shorter than other major cities, including New York City, Philadelphia and Chicago. Los Angeles's mean travel time for work commutes in was The LA County Metropolitan Transportation Authority LA County Metro and other agencies operate an extensive system of bus lines, as well as subway and light rail lines across Los Angeles County, with a combined monthly ridership measured in individual boardings of The majority of this The subway and light rail combined average the remaining roughly 8.

The city's subway system is the ninth busiest in the United States and its light rail system is the country's busiest. The Metro G and J lines are bus rapid transit lines with stops and frequency similar to those of light rail. As of [update] , the total number of light rail stations is The city is also central to the commuter rail system Metrolink , which links Los Angeles to all neighboring counties as well as many suburbs.

The main rail station in the city is Union Station just north of Downtown. It adjoins the separate Port of Long Beach. There are also smaller, non-industrial harbors along Los Angeles's coastline. Heim Bridge. As home to Hollywood and its entertainment industry, numerous singers, actors, celebrities and other entertainers live in various districts of Los Angeles. Los Angeles has 25 sister cities , [] listed chronologically by year joined:.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Largest city in California, US. This article is about the U. For the county, see Los Angeles County. For other uses, see LA disambiguation. City in California. Main article: History of Los Angeles. Historical affiliations. See also: California coastal sage and chaparral. Main article: List of districts and neighborhoods of Los Angeles.

Main article: Climate of Los Angeles. Religious affiliation [] [] Christian. Main article: Homelessness in Los Angeles. Main article: Culture of Los Angeles. See also: Los Angeles City Museums. Main article: Government of Los Angeles. See also: Government of Los Angeles County. Main article: Media in Los Angeles. Main article: Transportation in Los Angeles.

Main article: Southern California freeways. Main article: List of airports in the Los Angeles area. Main article: List of people from Los Angeles. Voice of America. Retrieved June 26, Historical Society of Southern California Quarterly. Retrieved September 28, April Retrieved January 27, Archived from the original DOC on February 21, Retrieved August 25, City of Los Angeles.

Archived from the original on February 8, Retrieved February 8, Archived from the original on November 13, Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 7, Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved October 16, US Geological Survey.

April 29, Retrieved February 10, Census Bureau. Retrieved September 9, Retrieved August 22, Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary 18th ed. Cambridge University Press. ISBN University of Texas Press. July 16, Retrieved December 31, World Shipping Council. Archived from the original on July 4, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

Retrieved April 6, Fifteen Hundred California Place Names. University of California Press. LCCN San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved January 7, Los Angeles itself was built over a Gabrielino village called Yangna or iyaanga', 'poison oak place. The Herald's History of Los Angeles. Retrieved September 29, Pacifica Historical Society. California missions and presidios.

Voyageur Press. Retrieved September 30, Los Angeles Almanac. Retrieved September 2, December 12, Retrieved October 24, Los Angeles Times. University of Washington Press. Historical and biographical record of southern California: containing a history of southern California from its earliest settlement to the opening year of the twentieth century. Chapman pub. Los Angeles's Olvera Street.

Arcadia Publishing. African American Registry. Archived from the original on February 2, Retrieved January 24, William Mulholland and the Rise of Los Angeles. June 15, Retrieved January 8, American University. Archived from the original on January 9, Cadillac desert: the American West and its disappearing water. City of Los Angeles Bureau of Engineering. Archived from the original PDF on March 1, Retrieved March 1, Los Angeles Magazine. Retrieved October 10, New York: Columbia University Press.

Random House Digital, Inc. March The Great Depression in America: a cultural encyclopedia. Greenwood Publishing Group. Retrieved November 6, Sprawl: A Compact History. University of Chicago Press. Retrieved October 1, Retrieved November 4, Beverly Park: L. Independently published. Simon and Schuster. Frank Summer Citius, Altius, Fortius. Archived from the original PDF on May 28, Encyclopedia of American race riots. Retrieved January 23, PBS Frontline.

Los Angeles Daily News. Retrieved January 12, Archived from the original on July 31, Archived from the original on December 15, Public Media Group of Southern California. Retrieved July 4, Nebraska State Journal. A Pronouncing Dictionary of American English. Springfield, Mass. New York: Harmony Books. Gazetteer Files — Places — California". Archived from the original on October 2, Retrieved October 3, Sierra Club Angeles Chapter.

JHU Press. Landscaping with Native Plants of Southern California. Retrieved October 6, Advisory Committee on Technology Innovation National Academies. Los Angeles. Emmis Communications. ISSN Retrieved September 6, March 5, Bibcode : Sci PMID S2CID Retrieved June 7, Retrieved June 6, U of Minnesota Press.

Retrieved October 2, Archived from the original on September 7, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 11, Earth Syst. Bibcode : HESS Boom California. May 22, Retrieved March 8, Retrieved December 15, Archived from the original PDF on September 2, Retrieved October 5, Western Regional Climate Center. Archived from the original on July 21, September 22, Frommer's Los Angeles Retrieved December 26, Capitol Hill Publishing Corp.

NBC Universal. February 22, Weather provides surprise in Southern California". January 25, National Weather Service Forecast Office. Retrieved July 18, Retrieved October 20, Retrieved May 9, Retrieved April 17, The Sacramento Bee.

Archived from the original on July 9, July Popular Mechanics : The New York Times. New Scientist : August 11, Video, Transcript see p7, July 12, USC News. This put them at odds with Collis P. The San Pedro forces eventually prevailed, although it required Banning to turn his railroad over to the Southern Pacific Railroad. Work on the San Pedro breakwater began in and was finished in Otis Chandler and his allies secured a change in state law in that allowed Los Angeles to absorb San Pedro and Wilmington, using a long, narrow corridor of land to connect them with the rest of the city.

Oil was discovered by Edward L. Doheny in , near the present location of Dodger Stadium. Today, it is still a significant producer. In order to sustain future growth needed new sources of water. Legitimate concerns about water supply were exploited to gain backing for a huge engineering and legal effort to bring more water to the city and allow more development.

Two hundred and fifty miles northeast of Los Angeles in Inyo County, near the Nevada line, a long slender desert region known as the Owens Valley had the Owens River, a permanent stream of fresh water fed by the melted snows of the Sierra Nevada that collected in the shallow, saline Owens Lake, where it evaporated. Sometime between and , Harrison Gray Otis and his son-in-law successor, Harry Chandler, led successful efforts at buying up cheap land on the northern outskirts of Los Angeles in the San Fernando Valley.

Lippencott, of the United States Reclamation Service. Lippencott performed water surveys in the Owens Valley for the Service while secretly receiving a salary from the City of Los Angeles. Eden then resigned from the Reclamation Service, took a job with the Los Angeles Water Department as an assistant to Mulholland, and turned over the Reclamation Service maps, field surveys, and stream measurements to the city.

Those studies served as the basis for designing the longest aqueduct in the world. Times began to warn the voters of Los Angeles that the county would soon dry up unless they voted bonds for building the aqueduct. Artificial drought conditions were created when water was run into the sewers to decrease the supply in the reservoirs, and residents were forbidden to water their lawns and gardens.

With this money, and with a special Act of Congress allowing cities to own property outside their boundaries, the City acquired the land that Eden had acquired from the Owens Valley farmers and started to build the aqueduct. Take it. The City of Los Angeles mostly remained within its original 28 square-mile land grant until the s. The first large additions to the city were the districts of Highland Park and Garvanza to the north and the South Central area. In the approval of the Port of Los Angeles and a change in state law allowed the city to annex the Shoestring, a narrow and crooked strip of land leading from Los Angeles south towards the port.

The port cities of San Pedro and Wilmington were added in , and the city of Hollywood was added in , bringing the city up to 90 square miles. The opening of the Los Angeles Aqueduct provided the city with four times as much water as it required, and the offer of water service became a powerful lure for neighboring communities. The City, saddled with a large bond and excess water, locked in customers through annexation by refusing to supply other communities.

By referendum of the residents, square miles of the San Fernando Valley, along with the Palms district, were added to the city in , almost tripling its area, mostly towards the northwest. Over the next couple of decades, dozens of additional annexations were made to the city. At about the same time, motion picture production companies from New York and New Jersey started moving to sunny California because of the good weather.

Although electric lights existed at that time, none were powerful enough to adequately expose film; the best source of illumination for movie production was natural sunlight. Besides the moderate, dry climate, they were also drawn to the state because of its open spaces and a wide variety of natural scenery. Another reason was the distance of Southern California from New Jersey, which made it more difficult for Thomas Edison to enforce his motion picture patents.

If he sent agents to California, word would usually reach Los Angeles before the agents did, and the movie makers could escape to nearby Mexico. Before long, dozens of film studios were established in the Nevada district. Primary Menu Skip to content.

Los Angeles, California Mission. Tiburcio Vasquez. Los Angeles, Port of Los Angeles in the s. Pages: 1 2.

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Further north, the fabled Malibu boasts several picture-perfect beaches such as Zuma Beach and Malibu Lagoon State Beach, where visitors can surf, hike, or simply tan. Signature L. County events draw thousands of visitors each year, too. The Los Angeles County dining scene is unparalleled. For an upscale experience, check out the Michelin-starred restaurants and celeb-approved eateries of the county. To get a taste of the different cultures coloring L. In the mood to rough it up this weekend?

Stunning camping destinations are also aplenty in Los Angeles County. Given its reputation as the favorite city among influencers and bloggers, it comes as no surprise that L. Los Angeles-founded clothing brands , internationally renowned names, and every other sought-after store you can think of line the streets of Los Angeles County.

County is bound to keep you entertained. Have a great story to tell? A unique experience to write about? By submitting your email address you agree to our Terms of Use and Privacy Policy and consent to receive emails from California. Our day-to-day activities might be overwhelming and engaging in practical ways to use mindfulness will help lower the stress. From yoga classes on the beach to SUP yoga in the harbor, here are some of the best outdoor yoga experiences in California. From camping to hiking, the Mojave national preserve has a lot to offer.

Make sure you enjoy the journey as much as the destination with the best stops to make on your road trip from San Francisco to Big Sur. Margaret Flores. March 13, But the cities that make up this iconic region contain much more. Spend a Day by the Best Beaches of L. Does your business rank among the best in California? Recomended businesses Show me California. Discover the best of California. Our recommended businesses are top-quality and are committed to their communities.

Real Estate. Professional Services. In a shepherd discovered gold in Placerita Canyon, just outside the current city limits, and sparked a minor gold rush. In subsequent decades mining became an important industry, employing hard rock and placer techniques. The local mountains are still riddled with abandoned mines, and hopeful prospectors still pan for gold in the San Gabriel River. United States troops quickly took control of the presidios at Monterey and San Francisco and proclaimed the conquest complete.

April 4, , saw the incorporation of Los Angeles as a city. At the same time, the old landowners started to lose their lands. Compelled to secure confirmation of their land grants in U. Other Mexican residents resisted the new Anglo powers by resorting to social banditry against the gringos. He was hanged in Los Angeles in front of 3, spectators.

Tiburcio Vasquez , a legend in his own time among the Mexican population for his daring feats against the Anglos, was captured in what is believed to be present-day West Hollywood. The bandit was found guilty of two counts of murder by a San Jose jury trial in and was hanged in that location in The thriving Chinatown was the site of terrible violence in A Tong war between rival gangs resulted in the accidental death of a white man.

This enraged the white populace, and a mob of men descended on Chinatown. They killed 19 men and boys, only one of whom had been involved in the original killing, as well as a white man who tried to protect them. Homes and businesses were looted. A grand jury investigation followed, but only one man ever served prison time.

In the s, Los Angeles was still little more than a village of 5, By there were over , occupants of the city. Several men actively promoted Los Angeles, working to develop it into a great city and to make themselves rich. Angelenos set out to remake their geography in order to challenge San Francisco with its port facilities, railway terminal, banks, and factories. Phineas Banning excavated a channel out of the mudflats of San Pedro Bay leading to Wilmington in Banning had already laid track and shipped in locomotives to connect the port to the city.

Harrison Gray Otis, founder and owner of the Los Angeles Times , and a number of business colleagues embarked on reshaping southern California by expanding that into a harbor at San Pedro using federal dollars. This put them at odds with Collis P. The San Pedro forces eventually prevailed, although it required Banning to turn his railroad over to the Southern Pacific Railroad. Work on the San Pedro breakwater began in and was finished in Otis Chandler and his allies secured a change in state law in that allowed Los Angeles to absorb San Pedro and Wilmington, using a long, narrow corridor of land to connect them with the rest of the city.

Oil was discovered by Edward L. Doheny in , near the present location of Dodger Stadium. Today, it is still a significant producer. In order to sustain future growth needed new sources of water. Legitimate concerns about water supply were exploited to gain backing for a huge engineering and legal effort to bring more water to the city and allow more development.

Two hundred and fifty miles northeast of Los Angeles in Inyo County, near the Nevada line, a long slender desert region known as the Owens Valley had the Owens River, a permanent stream of fresh water fed by the melted snows of the Sierra Nevada that collected in the shallow, saline Owens Lake, where it evaporated. Sometime between and , Harrison Gray Otis and his son-in-law successor, Harry Chandler, led successful efforts at buying up cheap land on the northern outskirts of Los Angeles in the San Fernando Valley.

Lippencott, of the United States Reclamation Service. Lippencott performed water surveys in the Owens Valley for the Service while secretly receiving a salary from the City of Los Angeles. Eden then resigned from the Reclamation Service, took a job with the Los Angeles Water Department as an assistant to Mulholland, and turned over the Reclamation Service maps, field surveys, and stream measurements to the city.

Those studies served as the basis for designing the longest aqueduct in the world.

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